Univ. Paris-Saclay

Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé

Optimized transition metal-oxide photo-anodes for renewable energy harvesting



The transformation of solar energy into chemical energy stored in the form of hydrogen, through photoelectrochemical water splitting is a promising method with the important advantage of being environment friendly and free from carbon dioxide emission. Several metal oxide semiconductors are able to split water into hydrogen and oxygen but the efficiencies are still low. Several strategies were proposed to improve the photoelectrochemical properties like doping or nanostucturing, but the origin of the improvement is not well understood yet. In the laboratory, we study the photo-electrochemical activity of thin epitaxial oxide films in order to understand the influence of different parameters on the photoanode efficiency.

Optimized transition metal-oxide photo-anodes for renewable energy harvesting

(a) Current density versus applied voltage vs Ag/AgCl for the undoped sample and 17 % Ti doped Fe2O3 one in dark, under illumination and with chopped light. (b) photocurrent density as a function of the Ti doping level at 0.4 V (circle) and 0.6 V (square) vs Ag/AgCl.(from Applied Phys. Lett. 101 (2012) 133908)

Faits marquants :

Un champ électrique interne pour booster la production d’hydrogène lors de la photoélectrolyse de l’eau, novembre 2015

De la rouille, du soleil et de l’eau pour produire de l’hydrogène, juin 2014



Hematite-based epitaxial thin films as photoanodes for solar water splitting (Maxime Rioult), 2012-2015, supervisors: H. Magnan, A. Barbier



Photo-electrolyse de l'eau assistée par une couche pérovskite ferrolélectrique (Julien Brehin), 2018; supervisors: H. Magnan

Photo-electrolyse de l'eau assistée par un potentiel interne (Thibault Plays), 2016; supervisors: H. Magnan

Photoelectrolysis of water by internal polarization (Sukanya Datta), 2015; supervisors: A. Barbier, H. Magnan

Hématite monocristalline nanostructurée pour la photo-électrolyse de l’eau (Maxime Rioult), 2012, supervisor: H. Magnan



  • PHOTO-POT (ANR, 2015 – 2019): Water photo-electrolysis assisted by an internal potential, Coll. UB-ICB and Synchrotron SOLEIL
  • PAPI (DSM-ENERGIE, 2013 – 2015): Water photo-electrolysis assisted by an internal potential
  • Rutile-Hematite heterojunction for photo-electrolysis (OXYMORE – IDF, 2012 – 2015) Coll. Synchrotron SOLEIL
  • RUMATO (NANOSACLAY, 2012 – 2015), Coll. Synchrotron SOLEIL
  • HEMAPHOTO (DSM-ENERGIE, 2010 – 2013): Study of doping and of α-Fe2O3 films nanostructuring on the water photoelectrolysis




Epitaxial tio2 thin film photoanodes : influence of crystallographic structure and substrate nature, H. Magnan, D. Stanescu, M. Rioult, E. Fonda,  A. Barbier, Phys Chem C 123, 5240 (2019)

Electrostriction, Electroresistance, and Electromigration in Epitaxial BaTiO3‑Based Heterostructures: Role of Interfaces and Electric Poling, D. Stanescu, H. Magnan, B. Sarpi, M. Rioult, T. Aghavnian, J-B Moussy, C.L. Rountree,  A. Barbier, ACS Appl. Nano. Matter 2, 3556 (2019)

Resonant PhotoEmission Spectroscopy investigation of Fe2O3 – TiO2 heterojunctions for solar water splitting  M. Riolult, D. Stanescu, P. le fevre,  A. Barbier,H. Magnan Physics Procedia 85, 4  (2016)

Oxygen Vacancies Engineering of Iron Oxides Films for Solar Water Splitting, M. Rioult, D. Stanescu, E. Fonda, A. Barbier, H. Magnan, J. Phys. Chem. C, 120 (14), pp 7482–7490 (2016)

Tailoring the photocurrent in BaTiO3/Nb:SrTiO3 photoanodes by controlled ferroelectric polarization, M. Rioult, S. Datta, D. Stanescu, S. Stanescu, R. Belkhou, F. Maccherozzi, H. Magnan, A. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 103901 (2015)

Local electronic structure and photoelectrochemical activity of partial chemically etched Ti doped hematite, M. Rioult, R. Belkhou, H. Magnan, D. Stanescu, S. Stanescu, F. Maccherozzi, C. L. Rountree, A. Barbier, Surf. Sci. 641, 310 (2015)

Single crystalline hematite films for solar water splitting: Ti-doping and thickness effect M. Rioult, H. Magnan,  D. Stanescu, A. Barbier, J. Phys. Chem C. 118, 3007 (2014)

Enhanced photo-anode properties of epitaxial Ti doped a-Fe2O3 (0001) thin films, H. Magnan, D. Stanescu, M. Rioult, E. Fonda, A. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133908(2012).






This work is supported by a public grant overseen by the French National Research Agency (ANR) as part of the “Investissements d’Avenir” program (Labex NanoSaclay, reference: ANR-10-LABX-0035)

#1996 - Màj : 29/10/2019


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