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Ultrafast nanoscale imaging using high order harmonic generation
IRAMIS/SPAM, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
Thu, Feb. 06th 2014, 11:00
SPEC Bât 466 p.111 (1er ét.), CEA-Saclay

            Ultrafast coherent diffraction using soft and hard X-rays is actually revolutionizing imaging science thanks to new sources recently available. This powerful technique extends standard X-ray diffraction towards imaging of non-crystalline objects and leads actually to a strong impact in physics, chemistry and biology. New ultrashort pulses recently available hold the promise of watching matter evolving with unprecedented space and time resolution. Femtosecond coherent and intense radiation in the soft X-ray (λ = 10-40 nm) is currently produced in our laboratory, from highly non linear frequency conversion (high harmonic generation). A high intensity UV-X coherent beam is obtained using a loose focusing geometry, which allows coupling a very high amount of Ti:Sapphire laser system energy in the HHG process. Using a long gas cell and a long focal length lens, the emitting volume can be increased by orders of magnitude compared to standard HHG set-ups. This approach, allows reaching up to 1x1011 photons per shot for the 25th harmonic (λ=32nm).

            We have recently taken up the challenge of ultrafast coherent imaging of nanometric objects, such as nano-particles using our table-top soft X-ray source. We have very recently demonstrated nanoscale imaging in a single shot mode reaching 70 nm spatial resolution and 20 femtoseconds snapshot [1]. We then implemented a recently proposed holographic technique using extended references. This technique, easy to implement, allows a direct non iterative image reconstruction. In the single shot regime, we demonstrated a spatial resolution of 110nm [2].

            This opens fascinating perspectives in imaging dynamical phenomena to be spread over a large scientific community. We will briefly present recent results in the investigation of femtosecond phase spin-reversals of magnetic nano-domains or ultrasfast molecular rearrangements.



[1] X. Ge et al., Optics Express 21, 11441 (2013)

[2] D. Gauthier et al., Physical Review Letters  105, 093901 (2010).

Contact : David CARRIERE


Séminaire LIONS - Informations pratiques

Entrée sur le site du CEA de Saclay pour les séminaires LIONS


Afin de pouvoir entrer sur le site du CEA de Saclay veuillez adresser les données personnelles suivantes par courriel à David Carrière et Michèle COLIN (secrétariat) un avis d’entrée vous sera alors délivré :

Nom :
Prénom :

Date et lieu de naissance :
Nationalité :

Nom de l'employeur :

Ces informations doivent être envoyées au mieux deux jours avant la date du séminaire.

Lors de votre venue vous devez vous présenter avec une carte d'identité ou un passeport en cours de validité. L'entrée sur le site se fait par l'entrée principale ou porte Nord (suivre le lien ci-dessous), un badge vous y sera remis. Demandez à l'accueil le Bât.125 ils vous renseigneront. Les séminaires se déroulent en pièce 157 (1er étage). En cas de problème vous pouvez contacter le secrétariat au

 Formalities for entering the CEA Saclay site for LIONS seminars


To enter in CEA Saclay you need to send the following personal data to David Carrière and Michèle COLIN (secretariat):

Last Name :
First Name :

Place and date of birth :
Nationality :

Employer Name :

These informations must be preferably sent at least two days before the seminar date.

When you come you must have a valid ID card or passport with you.

The entrance in CEA Saclay is through the main entrance or north entrance (see link below), a pass will be delivered. Ask at the “accueil” the path for the building 125. LIONS seminars take place in room 157 (first floor).

Any questions/troubles do not hesitate to contact our secretariat:


Informations:  Access
Contact:  David Carrière

#26 - Last update : 10/10/2012


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