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Univ. Paris-Saclay
Small Angle Neutron Scattering (PA)
Structure on scales from 1 to 100 nm
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4 small angle (PA) scattering spectrometers are available at the LLB:

PACE
 
PAXE
PAxy
Small angles,
2d XY detector
TPA
 
Very small angles


 

Various molecular architectures studied by small angle neutron scattering.

 
#2422 - Màj : 29/08/2018
Voir aussi
This study investigates the long term behavior of glasses used for confinement of nuclear wastes. The results have been obtained from a fruitful collaboration between different CEA laboratories (LLB, LIONS, CEA Marcoule) and the Ecole Polytechnique. The corrosion process of the glasses by water creates at the glass surfaces, an alteration porous layer, hydrated and amorphous, called "gel".
The use of agricultural resources for industrial purposes will undoubtly be one of the major challenges of the 21 st century. Organic biosynthons used in chemistry should progressively replace those coming from fossil fuels. Our work on dispersions of fatty acids and hydroxylated derivatives forms part of these efforts in that it seeks to demonstrate the potential contribution of fatty acids (which may be extracted from plants) as a new class of surface active agents.
Following the synthesis by the ribosome, to carry out its biological function, a protein much fold into a single, well defined conformational state: the native state. Protein folding is thus the physico-chemical process by which a polypeptidic chain undergoes a structural change from an ensemble of coil like structure up to the unique structure encoded in its amino-acid sequence. This process is fascinating and remains one of the most challenging problems of structural biology.
The improvement of the mechanical properties of polymer films by inclusion of mineral particles is a well known industrial practice used since the end of the XIX century. A classical example is the rubber industry for which the addition of carbon black as fillers permits to increase the elastic modulus of the pneumatics. Nevertheless, the mechanisms which govern the reinforcement properties are still not completely described by experiments and theory.
P. Guenoun, C. Blot
See the PhD position opened in 2014 about this subject http://iramis.cea.fr/Pisp/patrick.guenoun/Greenmembranes.html Phase separation of polymer solution, induced by an abrupt quench in temperature, leads to a macroscopic segregation of phases. The growth of the phases and the associated structures when time elapses since the beginning of the quench are still badly known for hydrosoluble polymer solutions.

 

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