Following an article by John von Neumann on infinite tensor products , we develop the idea that the usual formalism of quantum mechanics, associated with unitary equivalence of representations, stops working when countable infinities of particles (or degrees of freedom) are encountered. This is because the dimension of the corresponding Hilbert space becomes uncountably infinite, leading to the loss of unitary equivalence, and to sectorisation. By interpreting physically this mathematical fact , we show that it provides a natural way to describe the “Heisenberg cut”, as well as a unified mathematical model including both quantum and classical physics, appearing as required incommensurable facets in the description of nature .
 J. von Neumann, “On infinite direct products”, Compositio Mathematica 6, 1-77 (1939).
 M. Van Den Bossche and P. Grangier, “Contextual unification of classical and quantum physics”, Found.
Phys. 53:45 (2023) [arXiv:2209.01463].
 M. Van Den Bossche and P. Grangier, “Revisiting Quantum Contextuality in an Algebraic Framework”,
Coffee and pastries will be served at 11:00 in the hall.