Univ. Paris-Saclay

Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé

Disordered Bose Superfluids
Laurent Sanchez-Palencia
Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique CNRS and Univ Paris-Saclay
Mercredi 19/03/2014, 11:15
SPEC Salle Itzykson, Bât.774, Orme des Merisiers

The dynamics of many-body quantum systems is attracting a growing attention, motivated by the development of novel devices where physical parameters can be controlled. In a disordered environment, the interplay of interactions and disorder poses challenging questions. For instance, does Anderson localization survives interactions? Does superfluidity survives disorder? Does disorder favor or prevent ergodicity and thermalization processes? Ultracold atoms offer a unique tool to address these questions [1], taking advantage of an accurate control of both interactions and disorder, which can be made time-dependent.

Here we report two theoretical studies of disordered Bose superfluids. First, we discuss the phase diagram of the 2D disordered Bose fluid based on large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations [2]. We discuss the nature of the normal fluid to superfluid transition and conductivity calculations. Second, we discuss collective localization effects and show how they affect the transport of correlations in interacting superfluids [2,3]. We show in particular that the 3D case features a rich localization diagram that strongly depends on the model of disorder [3].



[1] L. Sanchez-Palencia and M. Lewenstein, Nat. Phys. 6, 87 (2010).

[2] G. Carleo, G. Boéris, M. Holzmann, and L. Sanchez-Palencia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 050406 (2013)

[3] P. Lugan et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 180402 (2007).

[4] S. Lellouch, L.-K. Lim, and L. Sanchez-Palencia, in preparation (2014).

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