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CEA Research Associate
Expert at CEA in the field of Solid State Chemistry and Ion Beam Analysis

Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Énergie) UMR 3685 CEA-CNRS – NIMBE
Laboratoire Edifices Nanométriques – LEDNA

(  +33 1 69 08 69 16
+ UMR 3685 NIMBE CEA – CNRS / Université Paris-Saclay, DRF / IRAMIS / NIMBE / LEDNA, 
Bâtiment 522 P-209 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex

Positions / Education  

  • Since nov. 2022  - CEA research scientist at NIMBE - LEDNA
    • Nanoparticles synthesis by laser pyrolysis process; development of NPs-MOF composite for energy applications (water-splitting, photocatalysis, fuel cell, etc.)
  • Dec. 2009 - Oct. 2022 - CEA research scientist at NIMBE - LEEL (Laboratoire d'Etude des Eléments Légers)
    • Local contact of nuclear microprobe platform;
    • Internal researches: ion beam analysis for electrode / electrolyte materials for protonic ceramic fuel cells and batteries ;ex-situ analysis; design a coupled electrochemical cell to nuclear microprobe in order to perform in-situ / operando analysis; Studies of MOF material as air-cathode for Li-air batteries
  • Jan. 2009 - Nov. 2009 - Postdoctoral position at the European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for TransUranium elements, KARLSRUHE (Germany) Unit Actinide Research (supervision R. Caciuffo)
    • Studies of physical properties of actinides compounds under high-pressure conditions
  • Dec. 2006-Dec 2008 - Postdoctoral position at the Ecole Centrale Paris / CEA Saclay DEN/DMN/SRMA/LA2M/, CHATENAY MALABRY (France), Unit Functional Materials for Energy  (supervision G. Baldinozzi & D. Siméone) 
    • Structural behavior of ceramic under radiation: analysis with X-ray diffraction
  • Sept. 2003 - Dec.2006 - PhD in Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Institut Lavoisier, VERSAILLES (France), Group of microporous solids (supervision of C. Serre & G. Férey)
    • Synthesis and characterizations of multipurpose porous solid
    • Award Nathalie Demassieux (2007)

Technical skills

GOAL: Synthesis and characterizations of material for energy applications

Synthesis methods

  • Solid-state chemical route, sol-gel process, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis or combustion, solvothermal and laser pyrolysis

Usual characterizations

  • Structural (XRD, SEM images)
  • Thermogravimetric analysis
  • Specific surface measurements (BET, pore size)

Spectroscopic techniques

  • Conventional infrared spectroscopy
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Optical spectroscopy (absorption, emission and excitation spectrum)
  • Complex impedance spectroscopy (ionic conductivity of oxide ceramics)
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Ion beam analysis

  • Profiling light elements such as H, Li, Na, Mg, more specifically in electrode / electrolyte materials protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFC) or in batteries (ex-situ and operando analysis).
  • Techniques used:  Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) , Particles Induced X or gamma-rays Emission (PIXE and PIGE) and Elastic Recoil Diffusion Analysis (ERDA).


Bibliometric data

Since 2003 (date of my PhD), I have co-authored 53 articles in peer-reviewed journals and 5 proceedings.
As of November 2022, Scopus gives a total citation of 9042 (excluding self-citations) and an H-factor of 26.
The list of my peer-reviewed articles is given on the website https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6228-5919

Recent peer-review articles

  • M. Gauthier, S. Belin, L. Blondeau, S. Surblé, E. Foy, and H. Khodja Are Operando Measurements of Rechargeable Batteries Always Reliable? An Example of Beam Effect with a Mg Battery” Anal. Chem.  94 (2022) 9683.
  • E. Roubeau Dumont, A. Elger, C. Azéma, H. Castillo Michel, S. Surblé, C. Larue, Cutting-edge spectroscopy techniques highlight toxicity mechanisms of copper oxide nanoparticles in the aquatic plant Myriophyllum spicatum, Science of The Total Environment 803 (2022) 150001.
  • Y. Zhang, B. Gikonyo, H. Khodja, M. Gauthier, E. Foy, B. Goetz, C. Serre, S. Coste Leconte, V. Pimenta, S. Surblé,  MIL-53 Metal–Organic Framework as a Flexible Cathode for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries,  Materials 14 (2021) 4618.
  • L. Blondeau, S. Surblé, E. Foy, H. Khodja, M. Gauthier,  Electrochemical reactivity of In-Pb solid solution as a negative electrode for rechargeable Mg-ion batteries. Journal of Energy Chemistry 55 (2021) 124–128.
  •  Publications at CEA:  HAL-CEA.

Peer-review articles not referenced in HAL

  • M.S. Henriques, D.I. Gorbunov, A.V. Andreev, Z. Arnold, S. Surblé, S. Heathman, J.C. Griveau, J. Prchal, A.P. Goncalves, A high-pressure study of the hexagonal Laves phase U2Fe3Ge, Physical Review B 89 (2014) 054407.
  • S. Surblé, D. Gosset, M. Dollé, G. Baldinozzi, S. Urvoy, D. Siméone, Rapidly synthesis of nanocrystalline MgIn2O4 spinel using combustion and solid state chemistry, Solid State Sciences 13 (2011) 42–48.
  • S. Surblé, S. Heathman, P.E. Raison, D. Bouexiere, K. Popa, R. Caciuffo, Pressure-induced structural transition in Ln2Zr2O(Ln = Ce, Nd, Gd) pyrochlores, Phys. Chem. Miner 37 (2010) 761-767 – 767. 
  • F. Pelle, P. Aschehoug, S. Surblé, F. Millange, C. Serre, G. Ferey, Interactions between Eu3+ ions in inorganic-organic hybrid materials,  Journal of Solid State Chemistry 183 (2010) 795–802.
  • S. Heathman, P. Heines, S. Surblé, J.-C. Griveau, N. Magnani, R. Caciuffo, S. Elgazzar, P.M. Oppeneer, Experimental and ab initio volume compressibility curves of NpCoGa5, Physical Review B 81 (2010).
  • A.M. Adamska, L. Havela, S. Surblé, S. Heathman, J. Pospisil, S. Danis, Pressure effect on the crystal lattice of unconventional superconductor UCoGe, J. Phys.-Condens. Matter.  22 (2010) 275603.
  • S. Surblé, G. Baldinozzi, M. Dolle, D. Gosset, C.  Petot, G. Petot-Ervas, Defect thermodynamic and transport properties of nanocrystalline Gd-doped ceria, Ionics 14 (2008) 33–36.
  • C. Serre, S. Surblé, C. Mellot-Draznieks, Y. Filinchuk, G. Ferey, Evidence of flexibility in the nanoporous iron(III) carboxylate MIL-89, Dalton Trans. (2008) 5462-5464.
  • G. Bernard-Granger, C. Guizard, S. Surblé, G. Baldinozzi, A.  Addad, Spark plasma sintering of a commercially available granulated zirconia powder-II : Microstructure after sintering and ionic conductivity, Acta Materialia 56 (2008) 4658–4672.
  • S. Surblé, G. Baldinozzi, D. Siméone, D. Gosset, L. Thomé, Impact of disorder on ionic charge in spinel compounds, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B 266 (2008) 3002–3007.
  • G. Baldinozzi, D. Simeone, D. Gosset, S. Surblé, L. Mazérolles, L. Thomé, Why ion irradiation does not lead to the same structural changes in normal spinels ZnAl2O4, MgAl2O4 and MgCr2O4? Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B 266 (2008) 2848–2853.
  • A. Vimont, H. Leclerc, F. Mauge, M. Daturi, J.C. Lavalley, S. Surblé, C. Serre, G.  Ferey, Creation of controlled Bronsted acidity on a zeotypic mesoporous chromium (III) carboxylate by grafting water and alcohol molecules, J. Phys. Chem. C 111 (2007) 383–388.
  • S. Surblé, C. Serre, F. Millange, F. Pellé, G. Férey, Solid State Sciences 9 (2007) 131–136.
  • C. Serre, C. Mellot-Draznieks, S. Surblé, N. Audebrand, Y. Filinchuk, G. Ferey, Role of solvent-host interactions that lead to very large swelling of hybrid frameworks, Science 315 (2007) 1828–1831.
  • F. Pelle, S. Surblé, C. Serre, F. Millange, G. Ferey, Enhanced Eu3+ luminescence in a new hybrid material with an open-framework structure, Journal of Luminescence 122 (2007) 492–495.
  • P. Horcajada, S. Surblé, C. Serre, D.Y. Hong, Y.K. Seo, J.S. Chang, J.M. Greneche, I. Margiolaki, G. Ferey, Synthesis and catalytic properties of MIL-100(Fe), an iron(III) carboxylate with large pores, Chem. Commun. (2007) 2820–2822.
  • A. Vimont, J.M. Goupil, J.C. Lavalley, M. Daturi, S. Surblé, C. Serre, F. Millange, G. Ferey, N. Audebrand, Investigation of acid sites in a zeotypic giant pores chromium(III) carboxylate, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128 (2006) 3218–3227.
  • S. Surblé, C. Serre, F. Millange, G. Férey, Structural changes upon dehydration of Pr-(III)(H2O){C6H3-(CO2)3} or MIL-81: A new three-dimensional praseodymium 1,2,4- benzenetricarboxylate with a one dimensional inorganic sub-network, Solid State Sciences 8 (2006) 413–417. 
  • S. Surblé, C. Serre, C. Mellot-Draznieks, F. Millange, G. Ferey, A new i soreticular class of metal-organic-frameworks with the MIL-88 topology, Chem. Commun.  (2006) 284–286.  
  • S. Surblé, S. Obbade, S. Saad, S. Yagoubi, C. Dion, F. Abraham, The A(1-x)UNbO(6-x/2) compounds (x=0, A = Li, Na, K, Cs and x=0.5 A = Rb, Cs): from layered to tunneled structure, Journal of Solid State Chemistry 179 (2006) 3238–3251.
  • S. Surblé, F. Millange, C. Serre, G. Ferey, R.I. Walton, An EXAFS study of the formation of a nanoporous metal-organic framework: evidence for the retention of secondary building units during synthesis, Chem. Commun. (2006) 1518–1520.
  • S. Surblé, F. Millange, C. Serre, T. Duren, M. Latroche, S. Bourrelly, P.L. Llewellyn, G. Ferey, Synthesis of MIL-102, a chromium carboxylate metal-organic framework, with gas sorption analysis, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128 (2006) 14889–14896.
  • M.  Latroche, S. Surblé, C. Serre, C. Mellot-Draznieks, P.L. Llewellyn, J.H. Lee, J.S. Chang, S.H. Jhung, G. Ferey, Hydrogen storage in the giant-pore metal-organic frameworks MIL-100 and MIL-101, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45 (2006) 8227–8231.
  • S. Surblé, C. Serre, F. Millange, F. Pelle, G. Férey, Synthesis, characterization and properties of a new three-dimensional Yttrium-Europium coordination polymer, Solid State Sciences 7 (2005) 1074–1082.
  • C. Mellot-Draznieks, C. Serre, S. Surblé, N. Audebrand, G. Ferey, Very large swelling in hybrid frameworks: A combined computational and powder diffraction study, J. Am. Chem. Soc.  127 (2005) 16273–16278.
  • G. Ferey, C. Mellot-Draznieks, C. Serre, F. Millange, J. Dutour, S. Surblé, I. Margiolaki, A chromium terephthalate-based solid with unusually large pore volumes and surface area, Science 309 (2005) 2040–2042.
  • C. Serre, F. Millange, S. Surblé, J. M. Greneche, G. Ferey, Synthesis, characterization, and properties of an open-framework iron(III) dicarboxylate: MIL-85, Chem. Mater. 16 (2004) 2706–2711.
  • G.  Ferey, C. Serre, C. Mellot-Draznieks, F. Millange, S. Surblé, J. Dutour, I. Margiolaki, A hybrid solid with giant pores prepared by a combination of targeted chemistry, simulation, and powder diffraction, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43 (2004) 6296–6301.
  • C. Serre, F. Millange, S. Surblé, G. Ferey, A route to the synthesis of trivalent transition-metal porous carboxylates with trimeric secondary building units, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43 (2004) 6286–6289.


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