Christian GLATTLI, Research Director at CEA, is born in 1954 and is head of of the Nanoelectronic group at the Service de Physique de l'Etat Condense at the CEA Saclay France. He is also responsible of the Mesoscopic Physics group at ENS Paris.
His main interest are the quantum physics of 2D electron gas using GaAs/GaAlAs and Graphene (Saclay) and of Carbon Nanotube (ENS). After some pionneering work in the field of Electron Crystallisation and of Single Electron Charge effects in 2D Quantum Dots, he has developed new sensitive techniques allowing to perform current fluctuation measurements at very low temperature. He was the first to quantitatively show the quantum shot noise reduction predicted by the scattering model of quantum transport. Then, using current shot noise measurements he provided the first evidence that fractional carriers of charge e/3 do transport the current in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (FQHE) regime.
More recently his activities shared between CEA Saclay and ENS Paris turned toward the study of quantum noise and quantum transport at very high frequencies. Among recent results in quantum Shot noise are: the observation of photo-assisted electron-hole pairs quantum partition noise (Saclay), the high frequency shot noise of a Quantum Point Contact (Saclay), the study of the quantum statistics of photon emitted by a conductor using an original Hanbury-Brown Twiss experiment at 20mK (Saclay +Paris), the statistics of photons emitted by a tunnel junction 5Saclay) and the shot noise suppresion in a Carbon Nanotube (ENS Paris). Regarding high fequency transport: the first measurement of the quantum charge relaxation of a conductor (ENS Paris) and the realisation of an on-demand single electron source opening the way for quantum information with electrons (ENS Paris).
Finally, his is going to lead at Saclay a new project on Mesoscopic Quantum Noise funded by an ERC Advanced Grant from the European Research Council, to study the Full Counting Satistics of few electrons or fractional charges injected in a coherent conductors and to realize a new type of photon detectors based on photo-assisted shot noise.
Experimental test of the high frequency shot noise theory in a Quantum Point Contact, E. Zakka-Bajani, J. Ségala, F. Portier, P. Roche and D.C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 236803 (2007)
Shot noise in Carbon Nanotube based Fabry-Pérot interferometers, L.G. Herrmann, T. Delattre, P. Morfin, J. M. Berroir, B. Plaçais, T. KOntos and D. C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 166806 (2007)
Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlations to probe the population statistics of GHz photons emitted by conductors, J. Gabelli, L.-H. Reydellet, G. Fève, J.-M. Berroir, B. Plaçais, P. Roche, and D.C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 056801 (2004)
Fano Factor Reduction on the 0.7 Conductance Structure of a Ballistic One-Dimensional Wire, P. Roche, J. Ségala, D. C. Glattli, J. T. Nicholls, M. Pepper, A. C. Graham, K. J. Thomas, M. Y. Simmons, and D. A. Ritchie,, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 116602 (2004)
Quantum Partition Noise of Photon-Created Electron-Hole Pairs, L.-H. Reydellet, P. Roche, D. C. Glattli, B. Etienne, and Y. Jin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 176803 (2003)
Observation of the e/3 Fractionally Charged Laughlin Quasiparticle, L. Saminadayar, D. C. Glattli, Y. Jin, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2526-2529 (1997)
Experimental Test of the Quantum Shot Noise Reduction Theory, A. Kumar, L. Saminadayar, D. C. Glattli, Y. Jin, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2778-2781 (1996)
AC quantum transport and single charge injection:
Violation of Kirchhoff's laws for a coherent RC circuit, J. Gabelli, G. Fève, J.M. Berroir, B. Plaçais, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, B. Etienne and D.C. Glattli, Science, vol 313, p499-502 (2006)
An on-demand coherent single electron source, G. Fève, A. Mahé, B. Plaçais, J.M. Berroir, T. Kontos, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, B. Etienne and D.C. Glattli, Science, vol. 316, p1169 (2007)
Four-Point Resistance of Individual Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes, Gao B., Chen Y. F., Fuhrer M. S., Glattli D. C., Bachtold A. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 196802 (2005)
Evidence for Luttinger-liquid behavior in crossed metallic single-wall nanotubes, B. Gao, A. Komnik, R. Egger, D.C. Glattli, and A. Bachtold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 026804 (2004)
Geometrical Dependence of High-Bias Current in Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes, B. Bourlon, D. C. Glattli, B. Plaçais, J. M. Berroir, C. Miko, L. Forró, and A. Bachtold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 026804 (2004)
Quantum limitation on Coulomb blockade observed in a 2D electron system, C. Pasquier, U. Meirav, F. I. B. Williams, D. C. Glattli, Y. Jin, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 69-72 (1993)
2D Electron Crystal:
Observation of a Magnetically Induced Wigner Solid, E. Y. Andrei, G. Deville, D. C. Glattli, F. I. B. Williams, E. Paris, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2765-2768 (1988)
Thermodynamic measurement on the melting of a 2-Dimensional electron solid, GLATTLI D.C., ANDREI E.Y., WILLIAMS F.I.B., Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 420-423 (1988)
Edge Magneto-Plasmons in 2D electron systems:
Dynamical Hall effect in a two dimensional classical plasma', GLATTLI D.C., ANDREI E.Y., DEVILLE G., POITRENAUD J., WILLIAMS F.I.B., Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1710-1713 (1985)
Prize and awards
- Hewlett-Packard (Agilent) Europhysics Prize 1999 (shared whith M. Reznikov (Israël))
- Siver Medal of the CNRS (1998)
- Ancel Prize 1997 of the French Physical Society.
- Co-Laureat of the CEA Prize 1991.
- ERC Advanced Grant (2008 call) :
MeQuaNo project : Mesoscopic Quantum Noise. From few electron statistics to shot noise based photon detection.