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Quantum Critical Behavior in a Resonant Level Coupled to a Dissipative Environment
Harold Baranger
Duke University
Wed, Mar. 11th 2015, 11:15-12:00
SPEC Salle Itzykson, Bât.774, Orme des Merisiers

A key property of quantum phase transitions (QPTs) is the possibility to create exotic quantum states at the quantum critical point; these exotic zero temperature states then cause anomalous physical properties at finite temperature. Despite the ubiquity of QPTs in contemporary theoretical physics, obtaining clear experimental signatures has been challenging. I start by presenting a recent experiment in which it was possible to thoroughly characterize a QPT: the system is a fully-tunable single-molecule transistor built from a spin-polarized carbon nanotube quantum dot connected to strongly dissipative contacts [1]. In this system, nonequilibrium properties of the QPT are also probed by applying a large bias. I then turn to the theoretical understanding of this QPT obtained by mapping the problem onto that of a resonant Majorana fermion level in a Luttinger liquid. The unitary conductance obtained in the experiment is seen as a competition between the two leads, much as in the two-channel Kondo problem. The deviations from unitarity at nonzero temperature are connected to residual interactions among the Majoranas; in this way, the experiment observes a signature of Majorana critical behavior.

[1] Quantum phase transition in a resonant level coupled to interacting leads
H.T. Mebrahtu, I.V. Borzenets, D.E. Liu, H. Zheng, Y.V. Bomze, A.I. Smirnov, H.U. Baranger, G.Finkelstein, Nature 488, 61 (2012).

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