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Nanofiber-Based Optical Interface for Cold Neutral Atoms
Arno Rauschenbeutel
Technische Universität Wien, Autriche
Wed, May. 29th 2013, 11:15
SPEC Salle Itzykson, Bât.774, Orme des Merisiers

We recently demonstrated a new experimental platform for trapping and optically interfacing laser-cooled ce-
sium atoms [1].  The scheme uses a two-color evanescent field surrounding an optical nanofiber to localize the
atoms in a one-dimensional optical lattice 200 nm above the nanofiber surface.  At the same time, the atoms are
efficiently interrogated with light which is sent through the nanofiber.  Remarkably, an ensemble of 2000 trapped
atoms yields an optical depth of up to 32, equivalent to 1.6 % absorbance per atom. Moreover, when dispersively
interfacing the atoms, the nanofiber-guided light experiences a phase shift of ~ 1 mrad per atom at a detuning of
six times the natural linewidth [2].  Finally, we recently showed that ground state coherence times in the range
of milliseconds can be achieved in our nanofiber-based atom trap [3].  This constitutes a decisive result towards
establishing nanofiber-based quantum interfaces as practical building blocks in an optical fiber quantum network.
In particular, they pave the way towards the realization of fully fiber-integrated quantum memories which could
also be operated as highly efficient photon number-resolving detectors.

[1] E. Vetsch et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[2] S. T. Dawkins et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 243601 (2011).
[3] D. Reitz et al., arXiv:1302.4792 (2013).

A coffee break will be served at 11h00. The seminar will be given in English.

Contact : mg


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