CEA Research Director in the Nano-electronics Group at IRAMIS/SPEC
Christian GLATTLI, Research Director at CEA, born in 1954, has been head of of the Nanoelectronics group (up to 2017) at the CEA Saclay France. He has also founded the Mesoscopic Physics group at ENS (LPA) Paris in 2000 (lead from 2000 to 20012).
Since 1995, he pionnered the field of Electron Quantum Optics by the first studies of the electronic quantum shot noise (electronic analog to photon noise) and later by the first single electron source (analog of single photon source) using a quantum mesoscopic capacitor.
Since 2008 he has developped at CEA Saclay the new project on Mesoscopic Quantum Noise funded by an ERC Advanced Grant from the European Research Council, to study the Full Counting Satistics of few electrons or fractional charges injected in a coherent conductors and to realize a new type of photon detectors based on photo-assisted shot noise. This lead to important results including the evidence of Levitons , the Graphene plasmonics, the Quantum Tomography of an electron and the manipulation of anyons with fractional charge (Science 2019). He also developped a "Classical Levitonics" , supported by an ERC Proof of Concept Grant, where special phase modulation lead to single side band waveform generation with application in Digital Communications (collaboration with CentraleSupelec Rennes) or application in FM music synthesis (process currently evaluated by Yamaha music Japan).
His main achievements are :
- Novel techniques for noise measurements in solids leading to the experimental first evidence that fractional carriers of charge e/3 do transport the current in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (FQHE) regime (1999 EuroPhysics PRIZE, 1997 Ancel Prize French Physical Society, 1998 Silver Medal CNRS)
- Development of Single Electron Sources (Science 2007) for Flying Qubits in Electron Quantum Optics with the discovery of Levitons (Nature 2013) enabling the first Electron Quantum State Tomography (Nature 2014)
- measurement of the Josephson Frequency of e/3 and e/5 anyon charges (SCIENCE 2019)
- patent WO2016124841A1 on Digital Communications for direct Single Side Band generation based on 'levitonic' frequency pulses.
Publications HAL-CEA. See also ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1457-0915.
On-demand source of single electrons and anyons:
- A Josephson relation for fractionnally charged anyons, M. Kapfer, P. Roulleau, M. Santin, I. Farrer, D. Ritchie, and D. C. Glattli (Science, vol. 363 p846-849 (2019) ; DOI: 10.1126/science.aau3539, see https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.03117)
Quantum tomography of an electron, T. Jullien, P. Roulleau, B. Roche, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin & D. C. Glattli, Nature (2014) https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13821
Minimal-excitation states for electron quantum optics using levitons, J. Dubois, T. Jullien, F. Portier, P. Roche, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, W. Wegscheider, P. Roulleau and D. C. Glattli, Nature (2013) https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12713
Electron Quantum Optics: Partitioning Electrons One by One, E. Bocquillon, F. D. Parmentier, C. Grenier, J.-M. Berroir, P. Degiovanni, D. C. Glattli, B. Plaçais, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, and G. Fève, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 196803 (2012), (arxiv)
An on-demand coherent single electron source, G. Fève, A. Mahé, B. Plaçais, J.M. Berroir, T. Kontos, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, B. Etienne and D.C. Glattli, Science, vol. 316, p1169 (2007)
AC quantum transport:
Violation of Kirchhoff's laws for a coherent RC circuit, J. Gabelli, G. Fève, J.M. Berroir, B. Plaçais, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, B. Etienne and D.C. Glattli, Science, vol 313, p499-502 (2006)
Shot noise generated by graphene p-n junctions in the quantum Hall effect regime, N. Kumada, F. D. Parmentier, H. Hibino, D. C. Glattli & P. Roulleau, Nature Communications 2015 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9068
Carrier Drift Velocity and Edge Magnetoplasmons in Graphene, I. Petković, F. I. B. Williams, K. Bennaceur, F. Portier, P. Roche, and D. C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 016801 (2013), (arxiv)
Unveiling quantum Hall transport by Efros-Shklovskii to Mott variable-range hopping transition in graphene, K. Bennaceur, P. Jacques, F. Portier, P. Roche, and D. C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 085433 (2012), (arxiv)
Experimental Determination of the Statistics of Photons Emitted by a Tunnel Junction, Eva Zakka-Bajjani, J. Dufouleur, N. Coulombel, P. Roche, D. C. Glattli, and F. Portier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 206802 (2010) (arXiv)
Experimental test of the high frequency shot noise theory in a Quantum Point Contact, E. Zakka-Bajani, J. Ségala, F. Portier, P. Roche and D.C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 236803 (2007)
Shot noise in Carbon Nanotube based Fabry-Pérot interferometers, L.G. Herrmann, T. Delattre, P. Morfin, J. M. Berroir, B. Plaçais, T. KOntos and D. C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 166806 (2007)
Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlations to probe the population statistics of GHz photons emitted by conductors, J. Gabelli, L.-H. Reydellet, G. Fève, J.-M. Berroir, B. Plaçais, P. Roche, and D.C. Glattli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 056801 (2004)
Fano Factor Reduction on the 0.7 Conductance Structure of a Ballistic One-Dimensional Wire, P. Roche, J. Ségala, D. C. Glattli, J. T. Nicholls, M. Pepper, A. C. Graham, K. J. Thomas, M. Y. Simmons, and D. A. Ritchie,, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 116602 (2004)
Quantum Partition Noise of Photon-Created Electron-Hole Pairs, L.-H. Reydellet, P. Roche, D. C. Glattli, B. Etienne, and Y. Jin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 176803 (2003)
Observation of the e/3 Fractionally Charged Laughlin Quasiparticle, L. Saminadayar, D. C. Glattli, Y. Jin, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2526-2529 (1997)
Experimental Test of the Quantum Shot Noise Reduction Theory, A. Kumar, L. Saminadayar, D. C. Glattli, Y. Jin, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2778-2781 (1996)
Four-Point Resistance of Individual Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes, Gao B., Chen Y. F., Fuhrer M. S., Glattli D. C., Bachtold A. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 196802 (2005)
Evidence for Luttinger-liquid behavior in crossed metallic single-wall nanotubes, B. Gao, A. Komnik, R. Egger, D.C. Glattli, and A. Bachtold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 026804 (2004)
Geometrical Dependence of High-Bias Current in Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes, B. Bourlon, D. C. Glattli, B. Plaçais, J. M. Berroir, C. Miko, L. Forró, and A. Bachtold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 026804 (2004)
Quantum limitation on Coulomb blockade observed in a 2D electron system, C. Pasquier, U. Meirav, F. I. B. Williams, D. C. Glattli, Y. Jin, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 69-72 (1993)
2D Electron Crystal:
Observation of a Magnetically Induced Wigner Solid, E. Y. Andrei, G. Deville, D. C. Glattli, F. I. B. Williams, E. Paris, and B. Etienne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2765-2768 (1988)
Thermodynamic measurement on the melting of a 2-Dimensional electron solid, GLATTLI D.C., ANDREI E.Y., WILLIAMS F.I.B., Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 420-423 (1988)
Edge Magneto-Plasmons in 2D electron systems:
Dynamical Hall effect in a two dimensional classical plasma', GLATTLI D.C., ANDREI E.Y., DEVILLE G., POITRENAUD J., WILLIAMS F.I.B., Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1710-1713 (1985)