Material and Device - Neglected Origins of Nanotechnology
Vendredi 02/03/2007, 14:15
SPEC Amphi Bloch, Bât.774,, Orme des Merisiers
Herbert Gleiter promoted the development of nanostructured materials on a variety of levels. In 1981 already, he formulated research visions and produced experimental as well as theoretical results. Still he is known only to a small community of materials scientists. That this is so is itself a telling feature of the imagined community of nanoscale research. After establishing the plausibility of the claim that Herbert Gleiter provided a major impetus, a second step will show just how deeply Gleiter shaped (and ceased to influence) the vision of the National Nanotechnology Initiative in the US. Finally, then, the apparent invisibility of Gleiter's importance needs to be understood. This leads to the main question of this investigation. Though materials science research meets even the more stringent definition of nanotechnology, there remains a systematic tension between materials science and the device-centered visions of nanotechnology. Though it turns the tables on the scientific prestige of physics, materials science runs up against the engineering prestige of the machine.http://www.cas.sc.edu/phil/scistud/members/nordman...