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The electronic Mach-Zehnder interferometer in graphene

Contact: Roulleau Preden, , preden.roulleau@cea.fr, +33 1 69 08 73 11
Electron quantum optics experiments in graphene
Possibility of continuation in PhD: Oui
Deadline for application:05/04/2018

Full description:
Quantum computing is based on the manipulation of quantum bits (qubits) to enhance the efficiency of information processing. In solid-state systems, two approaches have been explored:
• static qubits, coupled to quantum buses used for manipulation and information transmission,
• flying qubits which are mobile qubits propagating in quantum circuits for further manipulation.

Flying qubits research led to the recent emergence of the field of electron quantum optics, where electrons play the role of photons in quantum optic like experiments. This has recently led to the development of electronic quantum interferometry as well as single electron sources. As of yet, such experiments have only been successfully implemented in semi-conductor heterostructures cooled at extremely low temperatures. Realizing electron quantum optics experiments in graphene, an inexpensive material showing a high degree of quantum coherence even at moderately low temperatures, would be a strong evidence that quantum computing in graphene is within reach.
One of the most elementary building blocks necessary to perform electron quantum optics experiments is the electron beam splitter, which is the electronic analog of a beam splitter for light. However, the usual scheme for electron beam splitters in semi-conductor heterostructures is not available in graphene because of its gapless band structure. I propose a breakthrough in this direction where pn junction plays the role of electron beam splitter [1]. Based on this, an electronic Mach Zehnder interferometer will be studied to understand the quantum coherence properties of graphene.

[1] Shot noise generated by graphene p-n junctions in the quantum Hall effect regime N. Kumada, F. D. Parmentier, H. Hibino, D. C. Glattli, and P. Roulleau , Nature Communications, 8, 8068 (2015)
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