Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé

Single-photon generation and manipulation with semiconductor quantum dots
Pascale SENELLART
Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, CNRS-University Paris Saclay, France
Mercredi 28/03/2018, 11h00-12h00
SPEC Salle Itzykson, Bât.774, Orme des Merisiers

Today, optical quantum technologies are limited both by the low efficiency of heralded single-photon sources and by the probabilistic operation of two-photon gates. Deterministic sources and gates can in principle be obtained making use of the single-photon sensitivity of an atomic transition. In this context, artificial atoms in the form of semiconductor quantum dots have emerged as a promising system to boost optical quantum technologies, offering the potential of integration and scalability. However, this requires an ideal atom-photon interface, where the quantum dot interacts with only a single mode of the optical field and is isolated from any source of decoherence.

In this seminar, I will present our progress along this research line. I will explain how near optimal atom-photon interfaces are obtained by positioning a semiconductor quantum dot in a microcavity [1]. The quantum dot is shown to interact with a single mode of the optical field and is largely protected from all sources of decoherence, including phonons [2,3]. These technological developments have allowed the fabrication of bright solid-state sources of single-photon with single photon purity and indistinguishability exceeding 99%. The brightness of the sources exceeds by a factor 20 the one of currently used sources [4]. We have also made progresses toward the development of deterministic two-photon gates, with devices performing as nonlinear switches at the single-photon level, converting a coherent pulse into a highly non-classical light wave-packet [5].

References:

[1] A. Nowak et al., Nature Communications 5, 3240 (2014)
[2] V. Giesz et al., Nature Communications 7, 11986 (2016)
[3] N. Somaschi, et al. Nature Photonics 10, 340 (2016).
[4] T. Grange et al., Physical Review Letters 118, 253602 (2017)
[5] L. De Santis et al, Nature Nanotechnology 12, 663–667 (2017)

Coffee break served at 11h00. The seminar will be given in English.

 

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