Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé

Abrupt growth of large aggregates by correlated coalescences in turbulent flow
Jérémie Bec
Laboratoire Lagrange, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur
Mercredi 22/03/2017, 11h00
SPEC Salle Itzykson, Bât.774, Orme des Merisiers

The time evolution of a population of aggregates undergoing coalescences is generally described  by Smoluchowski's coagulation equation. This mean-field model is used in a number of situations going from polymerisation and flocculation to the growth of water droplets in clouds and planet formation. It relies on the assumption that successive collisions are uncorrelated.

We show that such an approach fails when the aggregates are diluted and suspended in a turbulent flow. The intermittency of turbulent transport accelerates the growth of large aggregates and is responsible for long-range correlations in the sequence of coalescences experienced by each individual particle. This new phenomena has important consequences on the macroscopic processes that are critically sensitive to the fast emergence of large aggregates, such as the formation of raindrops or planetary embryos.

 

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