The examination of supposedly well-known condensed matter systems through the prism of topology has led to the discovery of new quantum phenomena that were previously overlooked. Just like insulators can present topological phases characterized by Dirac edge states, superconductors can exhibit topological phases characterized by Majorana edge states. In particular, one-dimensional topological superconductors are predicted to host zero energy Majorana fermions at their extremities. Zero bias anomalies localized at the edge of proximity induced superconducting wires were recently interpreted as fingerprints of the emergence of topological superconductivity [1,2].
By contrast, two-dimensional (2D) superconductors have a one-dimensional boundary which would naturally lead to propagating Majorana edge states characterized by a Dirac-like dispersion . These dispersive Majorana edge states were recently observed in a single atomic layer superconductor coupled to a nano-magnet. Topological superconductors are also supposed to support localized Majorana bound states in their vortex cores, we will show that some recent measurements in two very different systems seem to support the theoretical predictions.
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