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 Chemist - CEA Researcher since december 2009

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The LEEL group is mainly devoted to the study of the transport and diffusion of light elements in materials, relying on the nuclear microprobe. This specific tool of the laboratory is particularly suited for monitoring this type of element. Specifically, diffusion, precipitation and segregation processes of light elements can be monitored locally using judiciously selected nuclear reactions, either by using isotopic tracers or by measuring directly the desired element. Nuclear microanalysis enables access to quantitative information on spatial distributions of light elements.

My main project concerns the development on lithium ion accumulator. Indeed, there has been an unprecedented development of lithium-ion technology, both on the market for electric vehicle and portable electronics. Technological obstacles still exist, such as premature aging of the battery. In this context, it appears essential to identify and understand phenomena causing the lowering of batteries performances, particularly in terms of reduction of the window of potential. The nuclear microprobe appears to be an efficient tool to understand these phenomena.

Another topic is the study of proton conducting ceramics for fuel cells working at intermediate temperatures (400-600°C). Literature mentions several examples where the protonic conduction increases when grain size decreases. The microstructure of materials plays a major role in physical properties such as transport, diffusion... For example, segregation can be responsible for limitations of hydrogen transport. Studying the behavior of hydrogen in such materials for fuel cells is a key element to understanding their operation and optimal performance.

I am in charge of synthesizing these ceramic materials by various techniques (solid-solid, self-combustion, co-precipiation…) in order to get different microstructure. The method of preparation of materials is an important step because it is possible to control some physical and chemical properties by varying different parameters such as grain size, compactness, or the dopant concentration. This is  particularly important when the size of objects that are manipulated becomes of the same order of magnitude as their interfaces. Better control of the morphology and particle size of ceramics may have an impact on the densification of the sintered pellet and, consequently, its conductivity. These materials are characterized by X-rays diffraction, SEM, impedance spectroscopy.


2006             Nathalie Demassieux award assigned by the Chancellor of the universities of Paris.



Postdoctoral position at the European Commission, Joint Research centre, Institute for TransUranium elements, KARLSRUHE (Germany)

Unit Actinide Research
“Studies of physical properties of actinides compounds under high-pressure conditions”

2007-2008 CNRS Postdoctoral position at the Ecole Centrale Paris / CEA Saclay DEN/DMN/SRMA/LA2M/, CHATENAY MALABRY (France)

 Matériaux Fonctionnels pour l’Energie
“Structural behavior of ceramic under radiation: analysis on line with X-ray diffraction”

2003-2006 PhD in Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Institut Lavoisier, VERSAILLES (France)
Groupe des solides microporeux

 “Synthesis and characterizations of multipurpose porous solid”

2002-2003 Master of Science at the Laboratoire de Cristallographie and Physicochimie du Solide,ENSC-Lille, VILLENEUVE D’ASCQ (France)
“Synthesis and characterizations of new phases of alkaline metal and uranyl niobiate”



35.   M. S. Henriques, D. I.Gorbunov, A. V.Andreev, Z. Arnold, S.  Surblé, S. Heathman, J. C. Griveau , J.  Prchal, A. P.  Goncalves
          “A high-pressure study of the hexagonal Laves phase U2Fe3Ge.”
           Physical Review B, V. 89,pp. 054407, 2014.

34.    V. Malavergne, P. Cordier, K. Righter, F. Brunet, B.  Zanda, A. Addad,  T. Smith, H. Bureau, S. Surblé, C. Raepsaet, E. Charon, R.  Hewins.
           “How Mercury can be the most reduced terrestrial planet and still store iron in its mantle.”
           Earth and Planetary Science Letters, V. 394, pp.186–197, may 2014.

33.    A. Sabau, Y. Pipon, N. Thouhoat, C. Lomenech, N. Jordan, N. Moncoffre, A. Barkleit, N. Marnier, V. Brendler, S. Surblé, E. Giffaut.
         “Interaction of Europium and Nickel with calcite studied by Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry and Time-Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy”
          Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B, V. 332 , pp. 111-116, janv. 2014.

32.   C. Crépisson, M. Blanchard, H. Bureau, C. Sanloup, A.C. Withers, H. Khodja, S. Surblé,  C. Raepsaet, K. Béneut, C. Leroy, P. Giura, E. Balan.
         “Clumped fluoride-hydroxyl defects in forsterite: Implications for the upper-mantle”
          Earth and Planetary Science Letters, V. 390, pp.287-295, janv. 2014.

31.   A. Habrioux, S. Surblé, P. Berger, H. Khodja, A. D’Affroux, S. Mailley, T. Gutel, and S. Patoux.
          “Nuclear microanalysis of lithium dispersion in LiFePO4 based cathode materials for Li-ion batteries,”
          Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials
       and Atoms
, vol. 290, no. 0, pp. 13–18, Nov. 2012.

30.  C. Larue, G. Veronesi, A.-M. Flank, S. Surblé, N. Herlin-Boime, and M. Carriere.
      “Comparative Uptake and Impact of Tio2 Nanoparticles in Wheat and Rapeseed”
       J. Toxicol. Env. Health Part A, vol. 75, no. 13–15, pp. 722–734, 2012.

29.  S. Surblé, D. Gosset, M. Dolle, G. Baldinozzi, S. Urvoy, D. Simeone (2011).
     “Rapidly synthesis of nanocrystalline MgIn2O4 spinel using combustion and solid state chemistry.”
 Solid State Sciences 13(1): 42-48.

28.  S. Surblé, S. Heathman, P. Raison, D. Bouëxière, K. Popa, R. Caciuffo (2010).
     “Pressure-induced structural transition in Ln2Zr2O7 (Ln = Ce, Nd, Gd) pyrochlores”
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals on line 14 may 2010.

27.  A. M. Adamska, L. Havela, S. Surblé, S. Heathman, J. Pospisil, S. Danis (2010).
     “Pressure effect on the crystal lattice of unconventional superconductor UCoGe.”
 Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter 22: 275603- 275608.

26. Pellé F., Aschehoug P., Surblé S. et al. (2010)
     "Interactions between Eu3+ ions in inorganic-organic hybrid materials."
     Journal of Solid State Chemistry 183 : 795-802.

25.  Heathman S., Heines P., Surblé S. et al. (2010).
     "Experimental and ab initio volume compressibility curves of NpCoGa5."
     Physical Review B 81 024106.

24.  Surblé S., Baldinozzi G., Dollé M. et al. (2008).
     "Defect thermodynamic and transport properties of nanocrystalline Gd-doped ceria."
     Ionics 14(1): 33-36.

23.  Serre  C., Surblé S., Mellot-Draznieks C. et al. (2008).
     "Evidence of flexibility in the nanoporous iron(III) carboxylate MIL-89."
 Dalton Transactions(40): 5462-5464.

22.  Bernard-Granger  G., Guizard C., Surblé S. et al. (2008).
     "Spark plasma sintering of a commercially available granulated zirconia powder-II. Microstructure after sintering and ionic conductivity."
 Acta Materialia 56(17): 4658-4672.

21.  Surblé, S., Baldinozzi G., Siméone D.  et al. (2008).
     "Impact of disorder on ionic charge in spinel compounds."
      Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials
      and Atoms 266(12-13): 3002-3007.

20.   Baldinozzi  G., Simeone D., Gosset D. et al. (2008).
     "Why ion irradiation does not lead to the same structural changes in normal spinels ZnAl2O4,
       MgAl2O4 and MgCr2O4?"
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with
     Materials and Atoms 266(12-13): 2848-2853.

19.  Baldinozzi G., Dollé M. et Surblé S. et al. (2007).
      "Transport properties of nanocrystalline gadolinium-doped ceria." Inzyneria Materialowa 3-4: 233-235.
       Congress proceedings

18.  Vimont A., Leclerc H., Mauge F. et al. (2007).
     "Creation of controlled Bronsted acidity on a zeotypic mesoporous chromium(III) carboxylate by grafting water and alcohol molecules."
   Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(1): 383-388.

17.  Serre C., Mellot-Draznieks C., Surblé S. et al. (2007).
     "Role of solvent-host interactions that lead to very large swelling of hybrid frameworks."
Science 315(5820): 1828-1831.

16.  Surblé S., Serre C., Millange F. et al. (2007).
     "Comparative study of two layered lanthanide dicarboxylates based on europium(III) dimers."
 Solid State Sciences 9(2): 131-136.

15.   Horcajada P., Surblé S., Serre C.et al. (2007).
     "Synthesis and catalytic properties of MIL-100(Fe), an iron(III) carboxylate with large pores."
     Chemical Communications(27): 2820-2822.

14.  Pellé F., Surblé S., Serre C.et al. (2007).
     "Enhanced Eu3+ luminescence in a new hybrid material with an open-framework structure."
     Journal of Luminescence 122: 492-495.

13.  Vimont A., Goupil J. M., Lavalley J.C. et al. (2006).
     "Investigation of acid sites in a zeotypic giant pores chromium(III) carboxylate."
 Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(10): 3218-3227.

12.  Surblé S., Serre C., Millange F. et al. (2006).
     "Structural changes upon dehydration of Pr-(III)(H2O){C6H3-(CO2)3} or MIL-81: A new three-dimensional praseodymium 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate with a one dimensional inorganic sub-network."
     Solid State Sciences 8(3-4): 413-417.

11.  Surblé S., Serre C., Mellot-Draznieks C.et al. (2006).
     "A new isoreticular class of metal-organic-frameworks with the MIL-88 topology."
Chemical Communications(3): 284-286.

10.  Surblé  S., Obbade S., Saad S. et al. (2006).
     "The A(1-x)UNbO(6-x/2) compounds (x=0, A = Li, Na, K, Cs and x=0.5 A = Rb, Cs): from layered
       to tunneled structure."

     Journal of Solid State Chemistry 179(10): 3238-3251.

9.  Latroche, M., Surblé S., et al. (2006).
     "Hydrogen storage in the giant-pore metal-organic frameworks MIL-100 and MIL-101."
 Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 45(48): 8227-8231.

8.  Surblé S., Millange F., Serre C. et al. (2006).
     "An EXAFS study of the formation of a nanoporous metal-organic framework: evidence for the retention of secondary building units during synthesis."
     Chemical Communications(14): 1518-1520.

7.  Surblé S., Millange F., Serre C.et al. (2006).
     "Synthesis of MIL-102, a chromium carboxylate metal-organic framework, with gas sorption analysis."
 Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(46): 14889-14896.

6.  Surblé  S., Serre C., Millange F. et al. (2005).
     "Synthesis, characterisation and properties of a new three-dimensional Yttrium-Europium coordination polymer."
 Solid State Sciences 7(9): 1074-1082.

5.  Ferey  G., Mellot-Draznieks C., Serre C.et al. (2005).
     "A chromium terephthalate-based solid with unusually large pore volumes and surface area."
     Science 309(5743): 2040-2042.

4.  Mellot-Draznieks C., Serre C., Surblé S. et al. (2005).
     "Very large swelling in hybrid frameworks: A combined computational and powder diffraction study."
     Journal of the American Chemical Society 127(46): 16273-16278.

3.  Ferey  G., Serre C., Mellot-Draznieks C. et al. (2004).
     "A hybrid solid with giant pores prepared by a combination of targeted chemistry, simulation,
     and powder diffraction." 
    Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 43(46): 6296-6301.

2.  Serre  C., Millange F., Surblé S. et al. (2004). 
     "A route to the synthesis of trivalent transition-metal porous carboxylates with trimeric
      secondary building units."
     Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 43(46): 6286-6289.

1.  Serre C., Millange F., Surblé S. et al. (2004). 
     "Synthesis, characterization, and properties of an open-framework iron(III) dicarboxylate: MIL-85 
     Chemistry of Materials 16(14): 2706-2711.



2007-2008     Teaching assistant in chemistry and physics at Ecole Centrale Paris

2003-2006     Teaching assistant in organic, inorganic and physical chemistry at the University of
                                Versailles (Licence and Master’s degree)


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